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The impact of physical, neurological and cognitive deficits on risk of falls in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a review

Authors:

Asha H Wettasinghe ,

Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
About Asha H
Department of Allied Health Sciences
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Dilshani Dissanayake,

Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
About Dilshani
Department of Physiology
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Lara Allet,

University of Geneva, CH
About Lara

1. Department of Physiotherapy, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Western Switzerland, Geneva

2.Department of Internal Medicine Specialties, Department of Internal Medicine, Rehabilitation and Geriatrics, University Hospitals 

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Prasad Katulanda,

Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
About Prasad
Department of Clinical Medicine
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Stephen R Lord

Neuroscience Research Australia, UNSW, Randwick, Sydney, AU
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Abstract

There is an increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in older people in many countries across the world. Older adults with type 2 DM have a significantly higher incidence of falls compared with their counterparts without DM. This review synthesize published findings on sensorimotor, cognitive, balance and mobility impairments, and their associations with falls in people with DM and DPN. Given the high incidence of falls and resulting serious consequences, systematically assessing fall risk in people with DM may optimize fall prevention strategies and reduce the associated morbidity, mortality and the rehabilitation costs for people with these conditions. These findings indicate balance, gait, sensorimotor and cognitive assessments should be administered to DM patients, especially in those with DPN, to document impairment levels and target interventions to reduce falls and associated morbidity, mortality and rehabilitation costs.
How to Cite: Wettasinghe, A.H., Dissanayake, D., Allet, L., Katulanda, P. and Lord, S.R., 2020. The impact of physical, neurological and cognitive deficits on risk of falls in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a review. Sri Lanka Journal of Diabetes Endocrinology and Metabolism, 10(1), pp.18–25. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sjdem.v10i1.7388
Published on 01 Jun 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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