Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Study on the current knowledge on diabetic foot care practices and footwear selections among...

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Original Papers

Study on the current knowledge on diabetic foot care practices and footwear selections among patients attending to the diabetic clinic at Colombo South Teaching Hospital

Authors:

N. T. N. Wimalarathna ,

Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, LK
About N. T. N.
Endocrinology unit
X close

C. A. Jayasuriya,

Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, LK
About C. A.
Endocrinology unit
X close

U. Bulugahapitiya

Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, LK
About U.
Endocrinology unit
X close

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes foot complications are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many presents with complicated foot ulcers which end up with amputations. Early interventions and health education significantly reduce such problems.

Objectives: To assess the current knowledge on foot care and footwear, to identify the undiagnosed foot problems and risk factors.

Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 334 patients were evaluated for knowledge on foot care and footwear practices by administering 3 questionnaires.

Results: The majority were females (73.1%). Mean duration of diabetes was 10.73(+/- 6.9) years. Most patients were non-smokers (78.8%) and non-alcoholics (84.8%). Major comorbidity was dyslipidemia (74.95%). Mean FBS and HbA1c were 137.7mg/dl (+/-43.29) and 7.66% (+/-0.78) respectively. Majority (64%) of them were within moderate risk for diabetic foot disease and 24% had history of foot ulcers. Deformed, thickened and discoloured nails were seen among 42.2%, 38% and 28.7% respectively. Peripheral neuropathy present in 35.6%. Even though 79.8% of the participants washed and 45.8% examined their feet daily, poor foot hygiene was seen among 44.9%. The majority used unsuitable footwear (70.7%). Only 9.6% wore special footwear for diabetes. Most denied adequate knowledge on footwear (80.5%). Nearly half (50.9%) of the population used footwear for > 1 year and 79.3% were not inspecting footwear. Increased age and duration of diabetes, low education, history of foot ulcer, smoking, thickened nails, calluses were significantly associated with diabetic foot (p<0.01). Abnormal monofilament and vibration were predictors of diabetic foot disease (p<0.01).

Conclusion: This study highlighted the gaps in the knowledge and practices of foot care and footwear among diabetic patients. Thus, there is a need to enhance patients’ knowledge with a regular assessment to enforce healthy practices to minimize diabetic foot complications.

How to Cite: Wimalarathna, N.T.N., Jayasuriya, C.A. and Bulugahapitiya, U., 2021. Study on the current knowledge on diabetic foot care practices and footwear selections among patients attending to the diabetic clinic at Colombo South Teaching Hospital. Sri Lanka Journal of Diabetes Endocrinology and Metabolism, 11(1), pp.4–14. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sjdem.v11i1.7445
Published on 08 Apr 2021.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus