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Original Papers

A study of dyslipidaemia among patients with type 2 diabetes in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka

Authors:

N. Suganthan ,

Teaching hospital, Jaffna, LK
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S. Sivansuthan

Teaching hospital, Jaffna, LK
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Abstract

Background & Objectives: Quantitative and qualitative abnormalities in lipids in patients with diabetes are numerous. However, data related to the prevalence and pattern of dyslipidemia among the Sri Lankan population is limited. This study was conducted to find out the prevalence and pattern of dyslipidemia among patients with type 2 diabetes.

 

Methods: This is a descriptive institutional based study where we studied a total 51 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients registered at FHC (Family Health Centre) in Jaffna for their quantitative lipid abnormalities.

 

Results: The mean age of the study population was 56.5 years and there were 13 males (25.5%) and 38 females (74.5). Most common lipid abnormality demonstrated was low HDL (High-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, which was seen in 81.6% (n=31) of females and 69.2% (n=9) of males. In addition, 64.7% (n=33) patients had high LDL (Low density lipoprotein) cholesterol and 27.5% (n=14) of patients had high TG (Triglyceride) levels. 84.3% (n=43) of patients did fall into the high-risk group according to atherogenic index. Further, this study demonstrated a negative correlation between HDL and LDL cholesterol levels among the subjects.

 

Conclusion: This study clearly shows that the prevalence of low HDL is a common lipid abnormality among the newly diagnosed patients with Type 2 diabetes.
How to Cite: Suganthan, N. & Sivansuthan, S., (2016). A study of dyslipidaemia among patients with type 2 diabetes in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Diabetes Endocrinology and Metabolism. 6(2), pp.31–34. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sjdem.v6i2.7312
Published on 29 Aug 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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