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Original Papers

Prevalence of obesity, overweight and central obesity among adolescent girls in national school in Batticaloa district, Sri Lanka

Authors:

Dharshini Karuppiah ,

Teaching Hospital, Batticaloa, LK
About Dharshini
Diabetes and Endocrine unit
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Mithusha Markandu

Teaching Hospital, Batticaloa, LK
About Mithusha
Diabetes and Endocrine unit
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Abstract

Introduction:

The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased over the recent decades. Obesity is a major risk factor for chronic diseases and plays a central role in insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome.

 

Methods:

The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity by means of body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in adolescent girls in a National school in Batticaloa, Sri Lanka. Based on age and sex specific BMI percentiles (CDC Chart), the students were classifiedas underweight (<5thpercentile), normal weight (5th-<85thpercentile), overweight (85th-<95thpercentiles), and obese (≥95thpercentile). Central obesity was categorized as WHtR ≥ 0.5. Adolescent girls (aged 14-19 years) attending the ten & twelve grades (n = 310) in a girl’s high school at Batticaloa were participated in the study.

 

Results:

The prevalence of obesity and overweight were 5.5% and 9.4% among the girls. The prevalence of central obesity was 21.6%. Around 11.16% of girls in the normal weight group were centrally obese. There was a significant relationship between WHtR and BMI status (P = 0.0001).

 

Conclusion:

Our study provides evidence showing a high prevalence of overall and central obesity in adolescent girls in our population. We emphasize the need for further large-scale surveillance programs and preventive strategies in our population to reduce the incidence of obesity.

 

How to Cite: Karuppiah, D. and Markandu, M., 2018. Prevalence of obesity, overweight and central obesity among adolescent girls in national school in Batticaloa district, Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Diabetes Endocrinology and Metabolism, 8(1), pp.17–22. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sjdem.v8i1.7347
Published on 17 Apr 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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