Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: A case series of Pyridoxine Resistant Classical Homocystinuria

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Case Reports

A case series of Pyridoxine Resistant Classical Homocystinuria

Authors:

Imalke Kankananarachchi ,

University of Ruhuna, LK
About Imalke
Faculty of Medicine
X close

Thilina Madushanka Munasinghe,

Teaching Hospital Karapitiya, LK
X close

Nayana Liyanarachchi,

University of Ruhuna, LK
About Nayana
Faculty of Medicine
X close

Sujeewa Amarasena

University of Ruhuna, LK
About Sujeewa
Faculty of Medicine
X close

Abstract

Homocystinuria is an autosomal recessive disorder with the prevalence of 1;200000. It is due to the defect in the Methionine metabolism which results in accumulation of Homocysteine in the body. We report a series of patients with Homocystinuria followed up at university paediatric clinic Teaching Hospital Karapitiya. There were four children with Homocystinuria from 7 to 18 years, of them, 2 were males. None of them were born to consanguineous parents and two were siblings. The age at diagnosis ranged between 6 to 17 years. All children had delayed cognitive development with the IQ level between 40-77. The condition was suspected with the onset of opthalmic manifestations such as Ectopia lentis glaucoma and ptosis. Marfanoid body habitus (tall stature, high arch palate and arachnodactyly) and scoliosis were present in all four children. Three children had low bone mineral density and 2 of them had fractures. None of them had thromboembolic events. Serum Homocysteine and Methionine levels were high, ranged 145-373μmol/L (4.6-8.1) and 79-177 μmol/L (6-60) respectively. All had normal vitamin B12 levels between 150.0 and 216.0 pmol/L (140-650). It is well known that early detection and initiation of treatment would prevent most of the complications in Homocystinuria. However, in this case series, all children were diagnosed later. Therefore, it is important to suspect the condition in children with intellectual impairment, visual defects and marfanoid body habitus.
How to Cite: Kankananarachchi, I., Munasinghe, T.M., Liyanarachchi, N. and Amarasena, S., 2019. A case series of Pyridoxine Resistant Classical Homocystinuria. Sri Lanka Journal of Diabetes Endocrinology and Metabolism, 9(1), pp.62–64. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sjdem.v9i1.7359
Published on 05 Apr 2019.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus